Capture of Goliad Texas

10-9-1835 About 50 Texan volunteers commanded by George Collingsworth and Benjamin Milam capture the Mexican garrison at Goliad, disrupting communications between Mexican military units and seizing arms and supplies.

Samuel McCullough, a free Negro, was the first man wounded in the Texas Revolution. He was with the Collinsworth company at the attack at Goliad.

First Texas University

10-4-1876.  The first public institution of higher education in Texas, Texas A&M opened on October 4, 1876, as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas. The letters “A&M”, short for “Agricultural and Mechanical”, are retained as a link to the university’s past. The school’s students, alumni, and sports teams are known as “Aggies”.

The main campus is one of the largest in America, spanning 5,200 acres and includes the George Bush Presidential Library. Approximately one-fifth of the student body lives on campus. Students are encouraged to participate in extracurricular activities and can choose from among 800 officially recognized student organizations. Aggie sports teams compete in the Big 12 Conference. The university offers degrees in over 150 courses of study through ten colleges and houses 18 research institutes. Texas A&M has awarded over 320,000 degrees, including 70,000 graduate and professional degrees.

Peace Party Conspiracy

10-1-1862 – The Great Gainesville, Texas Hanging. Nineteen men thought to be Union sympathizers are strung up on various days throughout the month in the aftermath of an incident known as the Peace Party Conspiracy.  More than 150 accused Unionists are arrested by Texas state troops, 40 of which would eventually be executed as part of the Great Hanging at Gainesville.

Power and Hewetson Colony

9-29-1826 James Power and James Hewetson petition the Mexican government for permission to colonize the Texas coast with Irish Catholic and Mexican families. The Power and Hewetson colony fails to reach a population of more than 200, though descendants of some of those settlers can be found in Refugio and San Patricio counties today.

Red River War, Texas

September 14, 1874 – Hemphill County, Texas.  The Sixth Cavalry arrives just in time to scare off Kiowa Indians attacking Lyman’s wagon train.  Longest battle of the Red River War.

Admiral Nimitz

9-1-1945  U.S. Navy admiral Chester Nimitz, a native of Fredericksburg and commander of Allied naval forces in the Pacific during World War II, signs a peace treaty with Japan aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay

Texas Capitols

Los Adaes 1722 – 1773  French.  First Capitol of Texas. Site is now in Natchitoches Parish La

San Antonio de Bexar 1773 – 1824  Spanish.

Saltillo 1824 – 1833.  Site is in Coahuila Mexico

Montclova  1833 – 1836  Site is in Coahuila Mexico

Washington On The Brazos  1836

Houston  1837 – 1839

Austin  1839 – 1842

Washington On The Brazos 1842 – 1845

Austin  1845 – 1855