Texas-Best Fish, Freshwater
- Blue Catfish
Sometimes called the Channel Cat or Hump-back Blue, this is the favorite freshwater fish of Texans at dinner time. 40 percent of farm raised catfish grown in the US are consumed in Texas. Blue catfish commonly attain weights of 20-40 pounds. It is reported that fish exceeding 350 pounds were landed from the Mississippi River during the late 1800s. The state record is 116 pounds caught by C D Martindale at Era, Texas, 4-21-85,
- Largemouth Bass
The most sought after freshwater fish by sport fishermen. There are hundreds of bass angling clubs in Texas devoted to fishing and conservation. A 1995 survey indicated the rate at which 10 pound bass are caught in Texas is over 13 times the rate in Florida. The state record is 18.18 pounds caught by Barry St. Clair at Lake Fork, 1-24-92.
The Crappie group (including black and white) is the third most preferred group overall by both bank and boat anglers, ranking behind only Bass and Catfish. The state record for white Crappie is 4.56 pounds caught by G G Wooderson at Navarro Mills Lake near Corsicana, 2-14-68. The black Crappie record is 3.69 pounds caught by Fritz Gowan at Toledo Bend, 1-17-85.
- Alligator Gar
This is Texas largest freshwater fish. The state record is 302 pounds, caught in the Nueces River by T C Pierce.
Texas-Best Fish Collection
- Fresh Water Fisheries Center
5550 Flat Creek Road
Athens, Texas 75751
Opened in November, 1996. Fifty species of fresh water fish, alligator exhibit, and Angler Hall of Fame.
Book on Amazon
Freshwater Fishes of Texas: A Field Guide (River Books)
Texas-Best Fish, Saltwater
Shrimp make up 94% of the Texas commercial marine products. Shrimp are sought for both food and bait, and are primarily captured by trawls towed behind boats. Texas is working with other Gulf Coast states in an effort to protect and preserve the shrimp population.
- Desert Shrimp
Imperial Reservoir, Pecos County, Texas. 915-547-2021. Salt water in the Pecos river has been put to good use raising pollution-free shrimp hundreds of miles inland in the desert.
Highly sought game fish. Often called Red Drum, it is a fast growing fish, commonly reaching 22-24 inches and 6-8 pounds in three years. Another attractive characteristic of this fish is its willingness to take most kinds of bait, both natural and artificial. The state record is 51.5 pounds.
- Speckled Sea Trout
One of the most popular sport fish on the Texas coast. Its abundance, willingness to hit natural and artificial baits, and fine eating qualities make the Sea Trout extremely popular with rod and reel anglers. It is a fast growing fish, though not as fast as its first cousin, the Red Drum. The current Texas record is 13 pounds 9 ounces and 33 3/4 inches.
- Hammerhead Shark
The Texas record was caught by Ross Harvard and weighed in at 870 pounds and was 14 1/2 feet long.